Description and use of medications for gout : allopurinol, colchicine , fulfleks

Category Other Medications | August 01, 2016 23:10

Gout - some of the types of arthritis.Gout occurs due to the accumulation of uric acid in the tissues, which in normal operation should kidney excreted with urine.Symptoms of gout is severe pain in the joints, their redness and sensitivity to touch.The disease can be accompanied by swelling of the joints.

For people suffering from gout, you need to combine medication and a special diet that excludes certain types of products to prevent disease attacks.Read more about the diet, see. Article "Diet for gout."

most effective drugs for the treatment of gout are fulfleks, allopurinol and colchicine.

Fulfleks

drug has a broad spectrum of action, analgesic, anti-inflammatory and antirheumatic gives effect.Good pain relief during an attack of the disease, promotes the excretion of uric acid from the body.Fulfleks also lowers cholesterol and has a diuretic effect.

This effect is included in the drug components: extracts Martin fragrant, meadowsweet, birch, willow bark and horse chestnut, essential oils of

juniper, sage and eucalyptus.

All the components of the preparation are plant-based, which ensures its safe use.

Fulfleks designated as orally in the form of capsules or topically in a cream for rubbing the affected joints.

Reception capsules administered once a day during a meal.Duration of treatment - one month.

external preparation is applied twice a day, rubbing in a circular motion in the affected joint.

The drug is contraindicated in pregnant women and during lactation.

side effects of the drug were found.

Allopurinol Allopurinol is used to treat high levels of uric acid and gout.The main active ingredient of the drug - allopurinol xanthine accelerates oxidation, which favors its transformation into uric acid.

The drug is indicated for oral administration depending on the severity of the disease.In less severe disease daily dose is 100-200 mg for patients with moderate form of the severity of gout prescribe 400-600 mg, in severe disease - 900 mg per day.The positive effect of the drug on the body much longer day or two after the first dose.The dynamics of the drug is monitored by comparing the levels of uric acid before and after taking the drug.

Possibility of allopurinol treatment not always is, if a person has a sick day.At the beginning of treatment, the doctor should carefully monitor the condition of the kidneys and liver of the patient.If renal function is reduced, it is recommended to reduce the dose by half.

the treatment of drug excreted volume of urine should reach two liters per day.

The drug is contraindicated in pregnant and lactating women.

Possible side effects of allopurinol: hypertension, bradycardia (low heart rate), stomatitis, nausea, vomiting, indigestion, dizziness, headaches, fatigue, insomnia, depression and rash.In rare cases, the drug can cause swelling and discharge of blood in the urine (hematuria, and uremia).

Allopurinol does not relieve pain during gout attacks, but helps them in the future disappearance.

Taking the drug should be by prescription and under medical supervision.

Colchicine

drug is of plant origin and is an effective way to relieve pain during gout attacks.Get colchicine from Colchicum autumnale.

drug is taken during a gout attack inside, at a dose that does not exceed 1 mg.Two hours later, colchicine is repeated.The positive effect of the drug occurs within three hours after administration and lasted twelve hours.Assigning more than the indicated dose of the drug is possible only after a medical examination, but the reception of more than 10 tablets is not recommended during the day.

Colchicine is safe for the body, one part of the drug is absorbed from the intestine, the other part is processed in the liver and excreted from the body.

Contraindications: hepatic or renal failure, hypersensitivity to the components of the drug.

Receiving pregnant women the drug should be carried out under the supervision of a physician.

drug has side effects usually occur with overdose include nausea, vomiting and upset the digestive system, itching, hives, skin burning sensation, decrease in white blood cell count (leukopenia) or neytrotsitov (neutropenia) in the blood, sperm deficiency (zu men).