- main causes of dysbiosis
- symptoms of dysbiosis
- Methods of treatment of intestinal dysbiosis
- Diet and nutrition in intestinal dysbacteriosis
intestinal dysbiosis belongs to one of the most common diseases and is characterized by impaired growth and change in the qualitative composition of mineralbifidobacteria and lactobacilli intestinal microflora.In the gastrointestinal tract of humans normally is constantly reproduces a large number of useful microorganisms which inhibit the growth of pathogenic bacteria, helps the body to break down plant fibers to synthesize essential vitamins B, stimulate the immune system, removes toxins from the body, have protivokantserogennoe and anti-allergic effect and performa huge number of other useful features.A dysbacteriosis a marked decline in the population of useful bifidobacteria and lactobacilli in the background of a significant growth of harmful microorganisms, which leads to disruption of the immune system and the development of productionof putrid microflora in the gut, causing chronic inflammatory disease of the gastrointestinal tract
main causes of dysbiosis
- Long-term useantibiotic, hormone or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents.
- Chronic gastrointestinal disease or transferred acute intestinal infection.
- Unbalanced diet (lack of the required amount of dietary plant fibers with a predominance of carbohydrates and proteins), alcohol abuse.
- Severe immunodeficiency (oncology in the treatment of chemotherapy, AIDS, leukemia, etc.).
- frequent psychological stress and long emotional stress.
- propensity to allergic reactions of the body and age-related changes of intestinal microflora.
symptoms of dysbiosis
In the early stages of its development, the clinical picture of intestinal dysbiosis is almost invisible and does not appear.The main symptoms are characteristic, as a rule, for the subsequent stages - 3rd and 4th degree of dysbiosis, list the major ones.
- Violation of the chair.These may include: frequent urge to defecate, with a constant feeling of incomplete bowel evacuation.Over time, the chair can be mixed with mucus or blood with an unpleasant putrid odor;constipation development - is observed mainly in the elderly and is associated with age-related disorders of intestinal peristalsis.
- Flatulence and bloating - associated with increased flatulence in the colon, which leads to the unpleasant sensation of pain.
- Abdominal pain: aching, dull or sharp and cramping.With the development of intestinal dysbiosis, there is a pain in the navel.When dysbacteriosis colon - in the lower right part of the abdomen (lower abdomen).
- dyspepsia, manifested in the form of nausea, vomiting, a metallic taste in the mouth, burping, or lack of appetite.
- manifestation of allergic reactions: skin rash and itching of the skin.
- intoxication, manifested in the form of general fatigue, headaches and a small rise in temperature.
- manifestation of symptoms that characterize the lack of vitamins in the body: Zayed frequent appearances around the mouth and sores develop, dry and pale skin, noticeable changes in hair and nails.
Methods of treatment of intestinal dysbiosis
treatment is carried out in a comprehensive and includes the following tasks:
- recovery of useful intestinal microflora and normalization process of digestion;
- normalization of intestinal motility;
- activation of the natural reactions of the body.
For the treatment of dysbiosis, it is first necessary to carry out a number of general preventive measures:
- balanced daily diet, enriching it with vegetable fiber and dairy products;
- the use of alcohol and smoking;
- comply with diet and consume the necessary vitamins.
Against the background of the general therapeutic measures conducted appointment of probiotics that contribute to intestinal colonization by beneficial bacteria and prebiotics that promote their favorable reproduction.The dosage of drugs, depending on the degree of intestinal dysbiosis development determined by the attending physician.
main groups of drugs used in the treatment of intestinal dysbiosis:
- prebiotics - stimulate the growth and development of microorganisms, normalize the intestinal microflora.The preparations belonging to the group of prebiotics: Duphalac, Hilak forte;
- eubiotics (probiotics) - drugs containing live bacteria, which normalizes the intestinal flora.Basically, these drugs are used for the treatment of dysbiosis 2 nd - 4 th degree of development and preparations are divided into different generations.
to the first generation drugs include: Layfpak probiotiks, Bifidumbacterin.The disadvantages of this generation of drugs is their instability under the influence of enzymes, gastro-intestinal or gastric juice which leads to their rapid destruction and lack of concentration.
second-generation drugs contain in their composition bacterial spores, normalize the intestinal microflora, stimulating the growth of enzymes for digestion and suppress the growth of putrefactive microflora.These include: Flonivin, Baktisubtil, Enterol.
third-generation drugs (Linex, Bifikol) and fourth (Biosorbents-bifidum, Bifidumbacterin forte) are characterized by high efficiency, because they contain several species of beneficial bacteria;
- antibacterials (antibiotics) - appointed to destroy pathogenic intestinal flora and are used in the treatment of the last (4th) degree of intestinal dysbiosis.Most often assigned: Ceftriaxone, Cefuroxime, Doxycycline, Ampioks, Metronidazole;
- symbiotic preparations (Maltodofilyus, Bifidobak) - this combination means that at the same time spend replenishing beneficial microbes in the gut and stimulate their growth.
Diet and nutrition for intestinal dysbiosis
Diet dysbacteriosis should be developed for each individual, taking into account all factors of development of basic and associated diseases.However, there are some general characteristics that all patients are advised to observe.
- The diet of the patient should be possible to exclude the presence of hot spices, salt and spices.
- Food should be cooked by steaming or bake in the oven.
- Limit consumption of fatty types of meat, fish, sausages, pickles, pickles, canned foods, dairy products, confectionery and baking flour.
- At locks add to the patient's diet dairy products, fresh fruit and cereal.
- Avoid drinking alcohol, strong coffee or tea.