Causes , Symptoms and Treatment of inguinal lymphadenitis

Category Vienna And Lymphatic Vessels | August 14, 2016 23:10

Contents:

  • Causes
  • Symptoms of inguinal lymphadenitis
  • Diagnostics lymphadenitis in the groin
  • Treatment lymphadenitis
  • Possible complications

The main task of the lymphatic system of the human body - to protect it from external influences, by the formation of specific immunecells.From that, the condition of the human lymphatic system depends of its overall health.

bubonadenitis - one of the varieties of lymph node inflammation (see "Lymphadenitis."), Indicating the presence in the body of serious infection.Depending on the cause of the disease distinguish different types of the disease:

  • primary inguinal lymphadenitis, is very rare, develops due to the penetration of the lymph nodes of pathogens;
  • secondary bubonadenitis diagnosed and often occurs in the presence of inflammation in any other area of ​​the body.swollen lymph nodes in the groin often indicates the presence of venereal disease in a patient.

Causes

The disease is caused by infection of the inguinal lymph nodes by various

microorganisms.Among the most common pathogens isolated lymphadenitis streptococcus, staphylococcus, different types of diplococci, intestinal and Pseudomonas aeruginosa.Direct

swollen lymph nodes in the groin arises by clusters of cells in the inflammatory response detection microorganism.In most cases, bacteria enter the lymph nodes via the lymphatic vessels with lymph from the current area of ​​the body infected before the primary focus of infection.The role of the latter may be a festering wound on the skin surface, boil or necrotic inflammation of the follicle.

spread of infection through the bloodstream occurs just as often as the previous one, limfagenny option and is the result of an infectious focus in the internal organs.Relatively rare pin method of transmitting the pathogen directly in contact lymph node tissue and infectious material.Penetration of microbes directly into the lymph node tissue is possible at his injury.

Once in the lymph nodes, the pathogen begins to poison the products of its vital surrounding tissue, causing inflammation and possibly in the future, and purulent fusion of tissues.At the same pathologic changes in the tissues that surround the lymph node, may confine serous inflammation, and may go in purulent.

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Symptoms of inguinal lymphadenitis

Among the main symptoms of this disease was isolated:

  • seal and swollen lymph nodes in the groin;
  • fever and general weakness;
  • redness of the skin in the area of ​​inflamed lymph nodes;
  • appearance of unpleasant pain in the groin and lower abdomen while walking and / or exercise.

In rare cases, inguinal lymphadenitis may spread to other lymph nodes.In case it is recommended to apply immediately detect signs of inflammation of the lymph nodes in the groin to the physician, who will issue a referral to a survey from the experts of other profiles if necessary.

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Diagnostics lymphadenitis in the groin

a healthy person, the lymph nodes are soft, not enlarged, painless, displaceable in relation to the adjacent tissue.Most people with normal physique is not possible to test the lymph nodes.

During the diagnosis, the doctor in the first place to hold an external examination of the lymph nodes in the groin area, and install all the signs of the diseases listed above.Then, guided by the information received, it will be resolved the issue of laboratory and / or instrumental diagnostic methods.

Usually, the diagnosis of inguinal lymphadenitis carried out blood tests, allowing to determine the quantitative and qualitative changes in its composition.If there is suspicion of tumor blood processes possible biopsy of affected lymph nodes for further histological examination.

When a patient's swollen lymph nodes in the groin, a specialist should exclude an inguinal hernia, if necessary, to prevent its further progression and prevent it from pinching.

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lymphadenitis

Treatment Treatment of this disease begins to establish the exact cause of its occurrence.So if bubonadenitis is the result of an infectious or venereal disease, the main treatment will be conducted with a view to their elimination.
possible that after the elimination of the main source of infection, inflammation of the lymph nodes will pass on their own.

When the source of the disease can not be determined, as a rule, carried out by local radiotherapy and treatment is prescribed, whose main purpose is the overall strengthening of the lymphatic system.

Until recently it was believed that the best method of treatment of inguinal lymphadenitis - the surgical removal of affected lymph nodes.However, recent studies have shown that such an operation can cause the formation of abnormal lymph drainage, and in the future - to limfostazom or so rare diseases like elephantiasis.

treatment of the initial stages of the disease is to provide for the rest of the affected area.Quite often used methods of physical therapy - ultrasound therapy, galvanization, iontophoresis.Also, your doctor may prescribe a variety of anti-inflammatory ointment as a topical agent.When

proven infectious causes of disease, irrespective of its stage requires the use of certain antibiotics group, depending on the sensitivity of the pathogen.

When purulent lymphadenitis urgently carried festering drainage cavity.This procedure is necessarily conducted under sterile conditions to avoid joining secondary infection.It is worth noting that after such a procedure requires regular treatment and bandaging wounds.

If a needle biopsy confirmed the presence of benign or malignant tumor process, the patient may require complex chemotherapy and radiation.

As for the popular methods of treatment of inguinal lymphadenitis, their use is possible only at the initial stage of the disease, and only in conjunction with traditional medical therapy.

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Possible complications

In the absence of timely and adequate treatment, bubonadenitis may cause cutaneous abscess, osteomyelitis, meningitis, encephalitis, septic arthritis and septicemia.