- Causes of varicose veins
- Symptoms of varicose veins
- diagnosis and course of the disease
- methods of treatment of varicose veins and prevention
varicose veins in the legs - a common disease associated with an increase in the veins in the lower limbs of man due to the weaknessvalves and impaired blood flow.Causes of varicose veins
Excessive weakness of the lower leg veins valve apparatus is usually caused by external factors, and the difficulty of the return of blood flow.Causes of varicose veins on the legs, in many cases, there are individual and are due to the way of life and the patient's predisposition.However, there are a number of common factors causing the development and progression of varicose veins.These include the following:
- Prolonged exposure of human during the day in a standing position.
- heavy lifting.
- Pregnancy (the disease can occur both during and after pregnancy).
- inactive lifestyle and frequent stays in one position, provoking excessive pressure on the lower limbs of man.
- Women are almost twice more prone to the disease.
- The difficulty in identifying the causes of varicose veins is a long latent for this disease, it can itself practically does not show through from 1 - 15 years.
Problems with a reverse blood flow through the veins leading to valvular insufficiency.In this connection, the blood stagnates in the veins, fills them, promoting a stretching of the walls and the formation of nodes (extensions).Gradually degradation and modification of the blood vessel walls.Trophico human tibia is broken because of the congestion.As a result, there are complications as long unhealed sores.
Symptoms of varicose veins
As is the case with the reasons, provoking the emergence of varicose a human vein symptoms is also very diverse and not always possible to put the correct diagnosis at the initial examination, if there is no subacute chronic course of varicose veins.Chronic, as a rule, is the presence of visible irreversible changes in the blood vessels that can be characterized as follows: In the early stages these symptoms often can be traced:
- feeling of heaviness in the legs.The most frequent and common symptom of varicose veins.
- In the evening, you may receive a burning sensation in the area of the lower leg.
- may appear jerky effects in the calf muscles that occur, usually at night - in the period of relaxation before bedtime or directly, during sleep.Occasionally seizures manifest themselves in the daytime.
- Notable visual swelling that occur, usually in the feet.First, their appearance can be adding to external causes and irritants.For example, such as tight shoes, prolonged sitting position and so on.But gradually the swelling begin to appear every night for no apparent reason.This suggests that the disease begins to progress.
- In the later stages, you may find that the skin on the legs becomes more bluish.This signal is a sharp progression of the disease and the beginning of irreversible processes.In this case, treatment is mandatory indications, to avoid future complications such as chronic venous insufficiency and multiple occurrence of venous ulcers, thrombophlebitis.
diagnosis and course of the disease
patient examination is carried out in most cases in a standing position, as it allows a greater degree visualize existing symptoms.Under the impact of the patient's weight on the legs varicose appear deformed and enlarged nodes in different shades of blue.According nodes contoured large and small subcutaneous Vienna.In some cases, when there are multiple trophic ulcers, patient preferred viewing in the supine position.Diagnosis is difficult in the early stages of the disease and in the elderly.The latter is due to the complexity of the installation depends on trophic ulcers of varicose veins.In this case, note the visual manifestations of the disease associated with the presence of visible dilated blood vessels (units) and diagnose peripheral vascular disease for adequate ripple.If there are visual symptoms, and peripheral vascular pulsation is adequate, diagnose varicose veins person.
The disease is characterized as a chronic temporary exacerbations.Periods of exacerbation are usually provoke further complication until thrombophlebitis The most common complication is marked thinning of the blood vessels with subsequent rupture and hemorrhage under the skin or epithelial damage.This stops the bleeding is easily exposed to any pressure bandage.Overall flow scheme in the absence of timely treatment is as follows:
- Increased fatigue of the lower limbs.
- Increased frequency of edema of feet and ankles.
- cyanotic hue shins.
- visual manifestation of subcutaneous nodules in connection with the expansion of blood vessels.
- Violation trophicity with the advent of venous ulcers and multiple bruising.
In some cases, it may happen lung artery thrombosis, thrombophlebitis as a complication that sometimes leads to death.to the content ↑
methods of treatment of varicose veins and
Regarding prevention of this disease are used as surgical as conservative treatments.However, in general, a conservative method gives only temporary relief, particularly in the later stages of the disease course.These methods are the original addition to surgery.
- Compression treatment.The basis of this method of therapy is used superimposition crushing dressings in order to improve circulation and strengthening of valvular and vascular walls.
- Medical manner.Use of drugs in the course depending on the individual requirements of each patient, which are aimed at the realization of the following objectives: increasing venous tone and vascular permeability, reducing capillary permeability, cupping inflammatory processes, and so on.
- Phlebectomy.Methods aimed at node dissection and removal of veins, which have undergone deformation.
- Coagulation (laser and radiofrequency).Modern techniques are carried out under local anesthesia and allow the passage of patient recovery.
- Sclerotherapy.This method involves the injection point.In the most severe cases, this method is performed under the control of ultrasound apparatus.
Preventive preventive measures against the possible development of varicose veins are as follows:
- Control and adjustment weight.
- active lifestyle.
- exercises aimed at strengthening and development of the lower extremities - running, walking trails, and so on.
- periodic visits to a specialist for a primary inspection