Symptoms and treatment of atherosclerosis of the lower extremities

Category Diseases Of Arteries And Capillaries | August 13, 2016 23:10

Contents:

  • symptoms
  • Causes Atherosclerosis Treatment of Atherosclerosis

largest vessel in the human body - the abdominal aorta.It carries blood from the heart to the lower extremities.This vessel is divided into the iliac arteries, which then pass into the femoral, popliteal arteries and the lower leg.

When excess cholesterol enters the human body it is deposited on the walls of blood vessels.In this case, the blood vessels narrows its lumen or completely clogged, not passing blood.Plaques can form both in large and in small vessels.Do not pass this process and the arteries of the lower extremities.

When leg arteries are clogged, they do not allow oxygen to enter the blood stream as well as insufficient.This lack of oxygen is called ischemia. In the state of ischemia patient feels pain in the legs, the limbs may develop gangrene or sores.With the rapid progression of this can cause for amputation.In this case, from ten to forty percent of the operations are fatal.

symptoms

first symptom that indicates the disorder with the circulatory system of the lower extremities, it is pain, numbness and leg fatigue.Within a short period of time the patient feels heaviness in the legs, cramps, similar to preconvulsive state.At first, these symptoms are short-lived and go away on their own.Often the patient does not pay attention to this situation and write off all the fatigue, because the symptoms quickly disappear.This approach is fundamentally wrong, because the first unpleasant sensations in the legs should be alert and be a cause for angiography.

Since that time, the disease will progress, will be intensified and unpleasant sensations in the legs - pain, heaviness and cramps appear more often apply not only to the thigh or calf, but also hamper the movement of the toes.Additionally, the symptoms will appear not only during walking but also in a state of rest.The pain is so strong that it can not be removed analgesics, patients try to walk, not to accentuate on his condition, but not always it brings improvement.

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reasons atherosclerosis

  1. high cholesterol in the blood,
  2. high blood pressure,
  3. smoking,
  4. overweight,
  5. diabetes,
  6. heredity.

In order to prevent dire consequences, atherosclerosis of the lower extremities should be treated in time.To do this, doctors need to make an accurate diagnosis, so as not to miss the first signs of the disease.Diagnosis is to conduct such a study as angiography.By using different apparatus contrast medium visible vessels in which all visible defects and damage.

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treatment of atherosclerosis

To prevent atherosclerosis or cure it, you must adhere to a correct, balanced diet (eat more protein and less fat and carbohydrates), to give up smoking.If there is severe disease, such as diabetes, it is necessary to adhere to the rules that are put forward for the treatment of the underlying disease.This is necessary in order not to become a complication of atherosclerosis.

If atherosclerosis has been diagnosed, the treatment of the disease must be approached comprehensively, and tune in to the long-term treatment. Treatment of the disease is carried out by two methods - conservative and operative.The conservative method is used to stop atherosclerotic vascular lesions and reducing the risk of blood clots.To do this, use special drugs that lower blood cholesterol - statins (allicor, Zocor).Another group of drugs aimed at expanding the blood vessels, which improves blood flow through them.These drugs include Reopoliglyukin, aspirin, chimes, verapamil, etc.It should be noted that the effect of these drugs appear until several weeks after administration, in some cases, they may only give a positive dynamics of early after the operation.

resort to surgical methods only when conservative therapy can not help, or have a high risk of ulcers and gangrene.In this case, the analysis on which identify problematic section of the vessel, and the operation is removed cholesterol plaques and put a shunt (bypass use different methods depending on the condition of the vascular system of the lower limbs).