Symptoms and treatment of bursitis of the elbow joint

Category Soft Tissue | August 15, 2016 23:11

Contents:

  • causes of bursitis
  • Classification
  • bursitis symptoms of bursitis elbow
  • Diagnosis and treatment of bursitis bursitis
  • Treatment folk remedies
  • Prevention

bursitis Bursitis - the most common disease of the joints.The human body has about 140 synovial bags, the disease can affect any joint, but most often develops bursitis in the elbow joint.

elbow joint is surrounded by three human synovial (joint) bags (bursa) - subcutaneous ulnar, interosseous elbow, lucheplechevaya.They produce a liquid which is needed as a joint lubricant for painless job.This process can be likened to operation of a mechanical device.For details of the device to operate smoothly, they require lubricants.If the bursa amount of fluid increases, or it becomes inflamed and changes its composition, that there are signs of the disease.Bursitis of the elbow - it is an acute or chronic inflammatory disease of the mucous membrane of the bag.

causes of bursitis

Bursitis of the elbow of the people has other very inter

esting name "elbow watchmaker," "elbow jeweler", "tennis elbow".

  • One of the main causes of the disease is the trauma of the elbow, after which the infected periarticular fluid.Bursa is located directly under the skin, so after the injury pathogens easy to get inside the joint capsule.
  • infection enters the seminary with shock lymph and blood from purulent foci in the body (furuncle, angina) or with influenza
  • Inflammation of the bursa occurs after excessive load on the elbow.It is common for athletes who play tennis and golf.
  • Bursitis can be a consequence of inflammatory diseases of the joints of arthritis and gout.
  • imbalance of metabolic processes.
  • Lime bursitis is the result of salt deposits in the joint capsule
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Classification bursitis

By the nature of the fluid in the cavity of the joint capsule bursitis are divided into:

  • Serous, the most favorable option.
  • hemorrhagic, blood presence.
  • purulent.

For the duration of the disease may be bursitis:

  • Acute Chronic Recurrent

By type of agent:

  • nonspecific if the pathogen is staphylococcus or streptococcus.
  • specific, if the disease comes from the primary syphilis or tuberculosis, etc.
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Symptoms of bursitis elbow

  • From the sore appears seal bags and swelling of tissues.
  • swelling can be up to 10 cm in diameter.
  • pain in the elbow joint, aggravated by movement.The pain radiates throughout the hand.
  • Limiting range of motion.
  • Redness in the area of ​​inflammation.
  • At the site of inflammation - a local rise in temperature.
  • Improve overall body temperature.When purulent disease course the temperature rises to 40 degrees
  • total body intoxication.
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Diagnosis and treatment of bursitis

diagnosis is exposed on the basis of external examination of the patient, to be confirmed after the puncture of inflamed bags.For proper treatment tactics revealed the causative agent.Radiography.

bursitis Treatment should begin immediately, otherwise the disease becomes chronic, can open fistulas, joint loses mobility.

to immobilize the diseased joint tight bandage is applied to the joint itself, and the hand is fixed on the scarf, wear around the neck.In special cases, the tire is imposed.

Assigned course of antibiotics.Their choice depends on the type of pathogen.

In case of purulent bursitis in the hospital conducted puncture the bag.A doctor washes her, and directly in the center of inflammation are administered corticosteroids and antibiotics.

for pain relief analgesics and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs: nimesulide, diclofenac, meloxicam.In severe cases, appointed hydrocortisone, which removes inflammation and significantly reduce the amount of fluid in the bursa.Hormonal treatments are administered in special cases in the joint capsule.

After a period of acute pain appointed physiotherapy:

  • Acupuncture
  • Pharmacopuncture
  • Acupressure
  • Vacuum therapy
  • Mud
  • Applications with ozocerite.

For surgical treatment resorted to only in complicated and hopeless cases.

Physiotherapeutic procedures will remove muscle tension, eliminate inflammation and general discomfort.Physiotherapy eliminate congestion, improve blood circulation and metabolism of the body, restore joint mobility.
At home, well helps relieve pain alternating hot and cold compresses.Warming compresses improve the movement of lymph, increases the formation of immune cells.Held anti-rubbing ointment or cream Collagen ultra.Accepted supplements with glucosamine.It is necessary to start physical therapy sessions, gradually increasing the amplitude and the repetition of exercises.

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bursitis Treatment folk remedies

  • Drinking grapefruit juice three times a day for 0.5 cups of warm seeds
  • flax fill in the bag and attach to the sore joint, repeat up to 15 times.
  • Drink 1 teaspoon of honey apple cider vinegar diluted in a glass of water with a teaspoon of honey.
  • tumor on the elbow will be faster if applying compresses propolis, infused vodka at a ratio of 1:10.
  • Therapeutic effect have compresses a mixture of three fruits horse chestnut, three sheets of aloe and medical vial of bile.
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Prevention bursitis

  • Protect the joints from any damage.
  • Do not overload the muscle overwork or prolonged sports.
  • In contact sports expose the joints protective equipment.
  • before exercise good first preheat muscles and spend a little workout.
  • After exercise have a good range of finishing exercise.
  • At any age engaged in physical labor and feasible to keep the body in good shape.