- first degree
- Second degree Third degree
- fourth degree
Osteoarthritis usually doctors divided into four separate stages.Since this disease affects a lot of people to determine the degree of osteoarthritis is a fairly simple task, provided knowledge of the relevant symptoms.
first stage is accompanied by metabolic disturbances in the body, the second arises from the non-specific injuries and infectious diseases, and in the third and fourth stages of the observed changes in the joints and disorders.
prerequisite of this disease is a disturbance in the functioning of cartilage, thereby reducing its elasticity, it becomes thinner and the surface of the cartilage becomes rough.As a consequence of this, broken bones sliding processes, one becomes vulnerable to injury, he developed osteophytes.During the progression of osteoarthritis and damaged synovial membrane of joints, tissues, ligaments, muscles and tendons are in the vicinity of the wound site.
In most cases, arthritis progresses in one joint, but sometimes there are situations when simultaneously affected several joints.
Common causes of this disease are injuries, low mobility, hypothermia, inflammation in the joints, most physical activity, lack of minerals in the human body, the excess of its own weight, heredity, and flat feet.
The site has a detailed article about osteoarthritis of the knee.Read also here an article about arthrosis toes.
the first degree of osteoarthritis joints are not deprived of human mobility, but only in one direction.Determine how severe the disease with the help of X-ray is almost impossible, since it does not show any violations of the joints in the initial stage.Identify the disease can be to see the rough or hard surface of the area of the body where there are joints.
Start development of osteoarthritis is not accompanied by fever, the appearance of puffiness in the affected areas, changes in skin color in the joints.The patient may feel that unless a barely audible crunch, tingling or aching pain in the affected joint.Most people do not give much importance to these symptoms because they do not bring any significant trouble.However, it is recommended to carefully monitor the condition of your joints, in time to take appropriate action.
In the early stages of osteoarthritis can help lotions of decoction of horseradish, the use of special ointments containing wax, propolis or horseradish.It is strictly forbidden to drink alcohol.It is recommended to balance the diet and do exercises every day.Gentle diet is a very effective treatment for osteoarthritis in the first stage, because it promotes weight loss and, as a consequence, reduce the mechanical stress on the joints.The patient should be taken in the most natural food products with high content of vitamins, to diversify their diet.It is advisable to limit yourself to a long walking or other physical activities long.In the first stage surgical treatment of osteoarthritis is not assigned.to the content ↑
If time does not take action on the treatment of osteoarthritis, then after a while it can go in the second degree.In this case do without care physician.Determine degree of development of arthrosis second snap as disorders in joints have become apparent, despite the fact that this is only a warning before proceeding to subsequent steps.In the second stage of the disease symptoms clearly.It appears permanent light tiredness, feeling of pressure in the affected joints, especially after heavy physical exertion.The joints felt acute pain even at the smallest movement, which is accompanied by an audible crunch.To bend or straighten the limb with each passing day becomes more difficult.
treatment of osteoarthritis of the second degree already brings some difficulties.The use of traditional medicine has no positive effect, therefore, to treat osteoarthritis accounts for only traditional methods.Doctors prescribe reception chondroprotectors, medicines that expand blood vessels, physical therapy and exercises.In addition, patients sometimes prescribe anti-inflammatory drugs, anesthetics and painkillers.It is forbidden to walk or stand for a long time in one place, to expose the joints long and strong physical activities, lifting heavy objects.to the content ↑
third degree osteoarthritis - a very painful stage of development of this disease.Patients feel a sharp pain in the joints, even in complete rest, not to mention the motion.The sensitivity of the affected areas varies with the change of weather conditions.Sometimes joints are completely denied, and the person becomes incapacitated.
Treatment of third degree osteoarthritis have to be complex.The patient, in addition to prescribed medications your doctor must attend various special treatments, such as UHF, diadynamic, microwave resonance therapy, electrophoresis, laser therapy, magnetic therapy, and electrosleep.to the content ↑
fourth degree of osteoarthritis is accompanied by unbearable pain in the joints, which can not even satisfy potent painkillers and intensive physiotherapy.In this case, one way out - the replacement of the affected joint endoprosthesis through surgery.Currently this method is the most effective and progressive, so arthroplasty is an increasingly popular way to treat osteoarthritis of the fourth degree.Endoprosthesis improves the mobility of the joint, allowing the patient to resume an active life.
During the replacement of the damaged joint is removed and in their place put the plastic or metal parts of similar shape.In most cases, changing the joint completely, partly as a replacement is carried out very rarely.As a rule, the endoprosthesis put older people, as young people and their active mobile lifestyle artificial joint wear out fairly quickly (within 20 years).The operation joint replacement takes 1-3 hours.It is performed under spinal or general anesthesia.
All doctors have a consensus that the best time to cure arthritis in the early stages of development, than to resort to immediate surgical intervention.This is not only a waste of money, but also anguish for many days.Therefore, to delay the treatment of osteoarthritis in any case impossible.