What and how to treat periodontitis

Category Stomatology | August 15, 2016 23:11

Contents:

  • Causes Symptoms Treatment
  • Local
  • Total

Periodontitis, according to statistics - one of the most common diseases in the world.His early manifestations recorded in the age of 10-20 years.

What and how to treat periodontitis - a vital topic for many.

But unfortunately, not all the time to go to the doctor with this problem.

reasons

Such disease as periodontitis, is an inflammatory process of the supporting apparatus of the tooth, which is caused by the numerous deposits of bacterial plaque on teeth and gums.If you do not follow the rules of oral hygiene, it eventually forms plaque that will gradually harden and grow into the gums depth.

According to experts, periodontitis may be a result of vital activity of pathogenic microorganisms.Pathogenic microflora can occur in the mouth for different reasons: as a result of injury or tooth gums, tooth decay, poor-quality prosthetics and tooth restoration.Significantly increases the risk of periodontal disease by the following fac

tors:

  • Incorrect ratio of the teeth (malocclusion, crowding of the teeth and bending);
  • excess filling material;
  • nutritional deficiency of vitamins (especially F and G);
  • Reducing the overall immunity of the organism;
  • Violation of chewing function.Pre-emptive use of soft and liquid foods disrupts the natural self-cleaning of the teeth from plaque and contributes to the formation of tartar.

Thus, the development of periodontal disease is directly related to the presence of pathogenic microflora in the oral cavity.Inflammation occurs as a result of metabolic products of bacteria that penetrate the gingival sulcus, and destroy infected tissue located nearby.

Symptoms

Depending on the stage of the disease periodontal disease can manifest itself in different ways.Very often the disease begins with bleeding gums.However, many people do not give it much importance, and very vain.At the initial stage of the process it is still possible to stop without resorting to a lengthy and serious treatment.If time does not refer to the dentist with the question of what and how to treat periodontitis, the inflammatory process will penetrate into the deeper layers of the tissue, causing their destruction, and, subsequently, the possible loss of the tooth.In addition to the observed bleeding and other symptoms of periodontitis:

  • itching and throbbing in the gums;
  • discomfort when chewing food;
  • Bad breath;
  • Increased tooth mobility;
  • sensitive teeth and gums.

progression of dental diseases of the cervix exposed.In the absence of curative measures at this stage, there is a loss of healthy teeth.In medical practice, as cases of chronic periodontitis were recorded.During disease exacerbations in patients experiencing fever, weakness and malaise, redness and throbbing pain in the gums.Recurrence of periodontal disease is usually associated with the sharp deterioration of the patient's general condition (infection, heart failure, etc.).

Treatment

This disease is periodontitis, requires urgent intervention of a dentist.Therefore, when the first same unpleasant symptoms should see a specialist.That it will help you in the issue of how to treat periodontitis.Based on this diagnosis dentist prescribe therapy.If the process is not much running and still have the ability to stop it with the medication, the physician may prescribe the patient local and general treatment.

Local

Local therapy is to correct oral care.In this case, the dentist will tell, than to treat periodontitis.Treatment usually involves rinsing the mouth with antiseptic solutions and the application of anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial gel.tooth and gum treatment is performed two times a day (morning and evening).The duration of local therapy in periodontitis is 10 days.Than to treat periodontitis yet?As an additional means dentist will advise you to buy special toothpaste with anti-inflammatory effect: they will stop the inflammation and strengthen the gums.

Total

If we talk about the general treatment, it is, first of all, antibiotics.Depending on the severity of periodontitis and concomitant diseases physician may prescribe antibiotics as a tablet format, intramuscularly.General treatment as local, lasts at least 10 days.