How and what to treat acute bronchitis

Category Throat | September 03, 2016 23:01

Contents:

  • Causes Symptoms Diagnosis
  • Treatment
  • mode
  • Medicines

Very often in the background of the common cold is not dolechennoy developing bronchitis.The acute form of the disease manifests itself in the form of distinct symptoms.

How and what treat bronchitis at home?

There are many factors that accelerate the disease process.

reasons

main cause of bronchitis - are viruses and bacteria that spread in the airway mucosa.In some cases, the disease can develop under the influence fungal flora or chemical factors.Before treat bronchitis, you need to specify the root cause of its occurrence.Knowing this, the doctor will be able to select the most effective therapy.Bronchitis usually occurs on the background of the common cold.In the early stages of manifest typical symptoms of acute respiratory disease, and later - the characteristic symptoms of bronchitis.If time does not understand how to treat bronchitis, the disease may become chronic.Doctors secrete a number of factors which

significantly accelerate the development of the disease:

  • polluted air (smoke, dust, exhaust fumes, etc.);
  • Allergic reactions;
  • asthma attack.

With reduced immunity and long untreated, bronchitis can be complicated by pneumonia (lung inflammation).

Symptoms

no expert would be difficult to determine bronchitis.This is due to the fact that the clinical picture of the disease is very similar for a cold or flu.Bronchitis in most cases begins with the appearance of discomfort in the chest, and general inflammatory symptoms: fever, general weakness and malaise.Among other signs of bronchitis can be identified:

  • Shortness of breath;
  • Dry cough, quickly rolling in the wet;
  • Isolation mucopurulent or purulent sputum;
  • Rhinitis;
  • Chills;
  • Sore throat;
  • painful breathing;
  • burning sensation in the chest after coughing;
  • Rales in the lungs.

At 3-4 days the symptoms of bronchitis usually diminish and disappear completely by 7-10 day when correctly selected treatment.

Diagnostics

detect bronchitis without an appropriate diagnosis is impossible.The disease and its symptoms can be easily confused with the common cold.If treatment will be incorrect, not only delayed the healing process, but also worsen the patient's condition.To avoid complications when the first pain should see a doctor.To understand how and what to treat bronchitis, an expert in the first place, will diagnose, which includes the following standard procedures:

  • Visual inspection of the patient;
  • General blood and urine analysis;
  • chest x-ray;
  • study of respiratory function (spirogram).

Treatment

One and the main tasks of the physician in the treatment of bronchitis - is not only to eliminate the symptoms of the disease, but also to prevent chronization of the inflammatory process and the development of complications.The treatment process must necessarily take place under the supervision of a specialist.Than to treat bronchitis at home?

mode

Important in the treatment of diseases such as bronchitis - observance of the mode.In the period of acute illness recommended to stay in bed, drink as much of warm liquids and strictly follow the doctor's recommendations.Observing the number of these simple recommendations, you will be able to accelerate the healing process and avoid the complications of the disease:

  • Walking in the fresh air.In the absence of elevated body temperature, it is recommended to perform daily 30-40-minute walk on the street;
  • humidity level in the room.Make sure that the air in the room where the patient was not dry.To do this, use a humidifier or hang wet towels on the battery;
  • exception irritants.Tobacco smoke, allergens, dust and other substances irritating the mucous membrane of the throat should be eliminated.Quitting smoking and contact with smokers, as well as daily wet cleaning will help to address this issue;
  • Drinking plenty of fluids.By increasing the amount of fluid consumed daily (herbal teas, fruit drinks, juices and warm alkaline mineral water) will reduce toxicity and improve the phlegm from the bronchial tubes.

Medicines

Than to treat bronchitis is most effective?Many believe in the undeniable effectiveness of antibiotics.However, in the case of bronchitis are, alas, powerless.Given the fact that the pathogen is often a virus, their use is meaningless.However, if a patient's blood analysis bacterial infection was detected, the physician may prescribe antibiotics.The choice of antibiotics should be performed only by the attending physician.Usually, for the treatment of bronchitis, bacterial preparations used macrolide (macrofoams, Summamed), or penicillins (amoxicillin).How to treat bronchitis with the help of drugs yet?Also in the treatment of inflammation of the bronchi using other groups of drugs:

  • antitussive agents - Codelac, tusupreks, libeksin and glaucine;
  • Mucolytics, expectorants and mukokinetiki thinning phlegm and facilitating its exit.