How and what treat VSD - vascular dystonia

Category Neurology | August 22, 2016 23:12

Contents:

  • reasons
  • Signs
  • First aid for crises
  • Treatment
  • Physiotherapy
  • Phyto treatment

vascular dystonia - a violation of the functionality of the nervous system.As a result of this disease worsens the general condition and function of many organs.

How and what treat VSD - vegetative-vascular dystonia in humans of different ages?

Typically, the disease is most often seen in girls of preschool and early school age.

reasons

Very often, patients go to the neurologist with complaints of numerous neurological disorders.However, with complex diagnosis, doctors do not find any violations.This is because symptoms occur only with changes in the structure of the autonomic nervous system.The disease is characterized by the fact that it can occur in various forms.Doctors isolated cases of latent disease progression, as well as a situation where the IRR manifests itself constantly either in the form of autonomic crises or attacks.How to treat VSD in these cases?The type of treatment largely

determine the causes of the violation of the nervous system, including:

  • Genetic predisposition;
  • hormonal changes.Most clearly the symptoms of vegetative-vascular dystonia manifested in endocrine rearrangements, for example, during puberty;
  • endocrine and sexual glands, the adrenal glands;
  • stresses and neuroses;
  • brain lesions (tumors, trauma, stroke).

In modern medicine, vascular dystonia is not considered a separate disease.Neurologist referred IRR among the syndromes, symptoms that may occur when one or another pathology.

Signs

Clinical manifestations of vegetative-vascular dystonia are very diverse.The current IRR depends on infringements of work of various bodies, in connection with which the symptoms are divided into several groups:

  • Heart (tachycardia, heart pain, feeling the fading of the heart muscle);
  • Disdinamicheskie (jumps of arterial and venous pressure, poor circulation in the tissues);
  • breathing (rapid breathing, feeling short of breath, shortness of breath attacks, feeling of tightness of the chest);
  • thermoregulatory (unwarranted fluctuations in body temperature, both upward and downward);
  • dyspeptic (nausea and vomiting, abdominal pain, violation of a chair);
  • Genitourinary (lack of orgasm during sexual attraction, frequent or painful urination);
  • Neuropsychiatric (weakness and fatigue, decreased performance, irritability, fatigue and tearfulness, headaches, and dizziness).

VSD patients often suffer from sleep disorders: insomnia may occur or, conversely, increased drowsiness, especially during the day.

First aid for crises

One of the manifestations of vegetative-vascular dystonia - the autonomic crises.They occur usually suddenly.Than to treat VSD - vegetative-vascular dystonia in this case?In order not to be powerless in the unexpected situation, we must be able to cope with attacks by the following means:

  • Valocordin or Corvalol (20 drops, diluted in a little water);
  • With increased pressure or acceleration of the heart rate - 1 tablet of propranolol (analogues - Inderal or obzidan);
  • With nervous excitement - 1-2 tablets of diazepam under the tongue until completely dissolved.

Treatment

There are many ways to treat than the VVD - vegetative-vascular dystonia offer modern neuroscientists.Widely used in medical treatment are not medical methods: therapeutic exercise, maintaining a healthy lifestyle, spa treatment, stroll in the fresh air, as well as the procedure of the body hardening.On doctor's prescription can also be carried out physiotherapy and medication.The first thing to do - is to normalize the patient's daily routine.To improve the state of health must adhere to the following guidelines:

  • enough sleep.The duration of sleep should be 7-9 hours.Before going to bed, ventilate the room and do not sleep on soft or too hard mattress;
  • Optimization of work and rest.Properly alternate mental and physical stress.To relax, practice yoga and auditory training.If possible, limit the time watching television and using the computer;
  • Healthy Eating.When the IRR should increase the amount of food rich in potassium and magnesium (buckwheat, oatmeal, beans, apricots, dried apricots, carrots and eggplant).Drinks are also recommended for toning (yogurt, tea and coffee).

Physiotherapy

spectrum of physiotherapy in the treatment of vegetative-vascular dystonia is very diverse:

  • Contrast baths;
  • Whirlpool and swimming;
  • Electrophoresis in the cervical spine;
  • Paraffin applications on the neck and occipital region;
  • Acupuncture;
  • Massage (vibration, surface or soothing).

Phyto treatment

good effect gives application of herbal medicines and herbs.In disorders of the nervous system following plants are used in the form of decoctions and infusions:

  • Stimulants (Siberian ginseng, ginseng and Leuzea);
  • Sedatives (Leonurus, valerian, mint, hops);
  • Antidepressant (sweet clover, marjoram, jasmine, St. John's wort).