What and how to treat atherosclerosis

Category Cardiology | August 19, 2016 23:13

Contents:

  • reasons
  • Symptoms
  • Atherosclerosis coronary
  • atherosclerosis brain
  • Atherosclerosis limbs
  • Treatment
  • Preparations
  • Diet
  • Additional measures

Atherosclerosis - a diseaseIt occurs due to the formation of cholesterol plaques on the walls of blood vessels.Lead to such a problem is a wrong way of life.

To solve the problem, what and how to treat atherosclerosis, there are many solutions.

the early stages of a disease amenable to a complete cure.

reasons

primary cause of atherosclerosis, doctors call an excess of so-called "bad" cholesterol in the blood.First of all, the level of power that affects the substance.When unbalanced diet, which mostly dominated by fatty, fried and spicy foods, and alcohol, the liver begins to produce excessive amounts of cholesterol, digestion slows down, all of which leads to disruption of fat metabolism in the body.Among other vascular factors provoke atherosclerosis, doctors distinguish:

  • Smoking;
  • High blood pressure;
  • Low physical activity;
  • Physical inactivity;
  • diabetes.

The risk of atherosclerosis get people over 45 years old.Comorbidity complicates the process of diagnosing the disease and prevents understand how to treat atherosclerosis as efficiently as possible.

Symptoms

atherosclerosis Clinical picture depends largely on what kind of amazed vessels - coronary, cerebral or lower extremities.Determine the type of atherosclerosis can only qualified after a professional diagnosis.

Atherosclerosis coronary

  • coronary insufficiency;
  • development of coronary artery disease (chest pain, shortness of breath, arrhythmia, swelling of the legs).

Atherosclerosis cerebrovascular

  • Frequent headaches;
  • Dizziness;
  • Memory impairment;
  • decreased concentration;
  • deterioration of mental capacity;
  • Confusion of thinking.

also change patient behavior: it becomes irritable, gets tired quickly and suffers from insomnia.

Atherosclerosis limbs

  • pain in the muscles during walking and other physical activities;
  • Feeling chilly in the lower limbs;
  • Convulsions;
  • blanching of the skin on the feet.

Today detect atherosclerosis is not big problems.ultrasound procedure allows you to quickly detect irregularities in the blood vessels.

Treatment

The question, what and how to treat atherosclerosis, doctors prefer to stick with an individual approach.This therapy involves taking of drugs, special diets, and the application of procedures to eliminate the source of excess cholesterol in the blood.

Preparations

objectives of drug therapy - normalization of the lipid metabolism, elimination of metabolic syndrome and related disorders correction in the body.To achieve their use in medical practice three groups of drugs.Let's see what treat vascular atherosclerosis offer modern doctors:

  • Medications that prevent the absorption of cholesterol and its getting into the blood;
  • Drugs which reduce the synthesis of cholesterol and triglyceride level lowering their concentrations in plasma (statins);
  • tools that increase energy metabolism;
  • more medicines - Aevitum, anginin, vazoprostan and others.

Diet

One of the fundamental elements of the treatment of atherosclerosis is a health food.No therapeutic effect on the body, it has not.However, a patient with atherosclerosis power correction can reduce the symptoms of the disease and significantly slow down its further progression.A diet low in cholesterol diet involves the exclusion of the following products:

  • fatty meats;
  • egg yolks;
  • solid animal fats;
  • Salo;
  • brain and kidneys.

Instead, should be included in the diet of "cleansing" the body from cholesterol products - low-fat cottage cheese, oatmeal, potatoes and cabbage.Animal fats need to replace oil.Also, physicians are advised to consume sufficient dietary fiber, which is rich in vegetables, fruits and whole grains.

Additional measures

How to treat atherosclerosis can be more?Doctors recommend that patients with this disease to adjust not only the power but also the whole way of life in general.It is very useful in atherosclerosis exercise.Regular cardio (running, swimming, cycling, aerobics) are beneficial to the process of circulation.You should also stop smoking, if the habit is the place to be.