How to treat tachycardia heart

Category Cardiology | August 18, 2016 23:13

Contents:

  • Causes Symptoms Treatment
  • First Aid
  • Preparations
  • Lifestyle

Tachycardia - the increase in heart rate over 90 beats per minute.From this disease are not immune pregnant women, and even children.

Only an experienced doctor can tell you how to treat tachycardia heart in each case.

are two types of tachycardia - physiological and pathological.

Causes Heart problems - the consequences of poor lifestyle choices and nutrition.However, not only can affect the development of disturbances in the cardiovascular system.As mentioned earlier, tachycardia is characterized by a sharp quickening of the heart rate.As a rule, this disease remains correct rhythm, but at certain intervals is increased heart rate.Contribute to this process are the following factors:

  • unusual for the body physical and emotional stress;
  • low blood pressure;
  • Lack of sleep;
  • Alcohol abuse;
  • Overwork and stress;
  • Reduction of hemoglobin in the blood;
  • Increased thyroid function;Receiving
  • certain medications (corticosteroids, diuretics, thyrotropic hormones, caffeine, etc.);
  • Anemia;
  • Acute circulatory collapse (shock, syncope, acute blood loss);
  • Endocrine disorders.

However, even revealing the cause of the disease, do not rush to the solution of the problem, how to treat tachycardia heart.Determining the type of tachycardia is important in this case.Physiological form occurs when increased physical activity, and its attacks occur at rest.At the heart of the tachycardia are abnormal disease, provoking more frequent heart rate, for example, coronary heart disease, hypertension or thyroid disease.

Symptoms

For tachycardia heart characterized by sudden manifestation.Heart rate changes very quickly, and this can occur even at rest.Attacks of tachycardia, accompanied by the following symptoms:

  • tachycardia;
  • pulsation in the neck;
  • Dizziness;
  • weakness;
  • Heaviness and pain in the heart;
  • Fatigue, decreased performance;
  • breathlessness and shortness of breath;
  • General weakness.

Attacks of tachycardia compared with the state close to unconsciousness.In this case, it is important to understand how to treat cardiac tachycardia and provide first aid to the patient.

Treatment

If there is a need to palpitations to see a doctor as soon as possible.After the special diagnostic he will say, how to treat tachycardia heart.In this case, commonly used special drugs that normalize heart rhythm.However, if you suddenly caught the attack of tachycardia, it is necessary to know how to provide first aid and to stop further development of this process.

First Aid

In case the heart rate reaches 120 beats per minute, requires immediate assistance.Follow the instructions below, you can slightly reduce the heart rate before the arrival of the doctor:

  • Call an ambulance and remain calm;
  • Deep breathing.Breathe deeply and hold your breath for a few seconds: it will slightly slow down the pulse;
  • Push the eyeballs to the onset of pain.Known to many physicians reflex Danini-Aschner can slow the heart rate.If you wear contact lenses should remove them prior to the procedure;
  • Wash with cold water.This manipulation will also normalize a little pulse.

Preparations

How to treat tachycardia heart, depends largely on its causes.Medical therapy is prescribed and monitored by a cardiologist and relevant experts.The main focus is undoubtedly medication.

The following video presents the popular treatments of tachycardia:

sedatives used mainly.If in the first 10-15 minutes during an attack of tachycardia heartbeat is not restored, it is necessary to take Corvalol, valerian tincture or volokardin.In addition to sedatives are also widely used in tachycardia antiarrhythmic drugs - for example, adenosine, verapamil, flecainide and others.

Lifestyle

But before the doctor the task is not only to eliminate the symptoms of tachycardia and prevent it from attacks in the future, but also to limit the effect of precipitating factors to heart.Therefore, doctors advise patients diagnosed with tachycardia heart to adjust your lifestyle and diet, in accordance with the following guidelines:

  • exclude from power strong tea and coffee, chocolate and spicy foods;
  • give up alcohol and smoking;
  • Reduce physical activity;
  • protect themselves from stress and nervous shock;
  • Variety of foods rich in potassium and magnesium;
  • aside time for exercise, normalize heart rhythm (yoga, walking outdoors, bike riding).