How to treat heart disease

Category Cardiology | August 17, 2016 23:10

Contents:

  • Causes Congenital malformation Acquired
  • Symptoms Treatment Prevention

heart of modern man is subjected to heavy loads.Often this leads to numerous violations of his work, in particular heart disease.

How to treat heart disease such as congenital and acquired?

The disease has a high level of gravity and lends itself to a surgical treatment.

reasons

human heart - a continuously operating pump.It is divided into four parts: two upper called atria and the two lower - ventricles.Sequential way blood flows from the atria to the ventricles, and then in the main artery.Valves are opened and closed alternately, the blood flowing in one direction only.In the case of changes (congenital or acquired) the structures of the heart, in particular, its valves, partitions or walls, impaired blood flow for large and small circulation.How to treat heart disease and what has caused this disease?In medicine, two groups of heart disease - a congenital and acquired.

Congenital

In most cases, doctors find it difficult to answer the question, what provoked congenital heart disease.What is known is that in the presence of a child with the disease, the risk of malformations in other children increased, but not significantly - about 1-5%.Doctors put forward the view that congenital heart disease can be triggered by the negative impact of radiation, alcohol, drugs, medications (warfarin and lithium derivatives) on the body of a pregnant woman.

considerable danger for the development of this disease pose transferred the mother in the first trimester viral infections (hepatitis B, influenza, measles, etc.).Recent studies have also shown that children whose mothers suffer from obesity and excess weight, a 36% increased risk of having a heart disease or other disorders of the cardiovascular system.

acquired defects

medical statistics shows that about 90% of cases of acquired heart diseases are rheumatoid character.In addition to rheumatism, as the main cause of the disease, also secrete other:

  • Atherosclerosis;
  • Infective endocarditis;
  • Syphilitic lesions;
  • Diffuse connective tissue disease (ankylosing spondylitis, dermatomyositis, etc.);
  • Degenerative changes in the valve cusps.

Symptoms

clinical picture of heart disease depends on the affected valve or a combination thereof.The patient can be confusing for a variety of symptoms:

  • Heart palpitations;
  • Shortness of breath after exercise or at rest;
  • Edema;
  • Other manifestations of heart failure.

If we talk about birth defects, the long time it can not be shown.Up to 3 children child can look quite healthy.Later, however, the disease begins to manifest itself: the child lags behind in physical development, after exercise there is shortness of breath, pale skin, and even cyanosis.For congenital form of heart disease is also characterized by sudden attacks, during which the child becomes restless and agitated.This shortness of breath and cyanosis become more intense, often resulting in loss of consciousness.Such attacks are more common in children under 2 years old.

Treatment

diagnose heart disease will help to cardiology and cardiac surgery.To confirm the diagnosis of the following methods are used heart disease:

  • Echocardiography;
  • chest x-ray;
  • ventriculography;
  • ECG.

How to treat heart disease may be at the moment?Modern medicine has found the only way - surgery.Surgical treatment allows the patient to lead a normal full life.In most cases, operations are carried out on the stopped heart using a heart-lung machine.When the diagnosis of acquired heart disease and mitral commissurotomy performed valve replacement.

Prevention

Special preventive measures to prevent development of the disease does not exist.However, prompt treatment of streptococcal infections, against which developing rheumatism, can significantly reduce the risk of heart disease.