How and what to treat giardia in adults

Category Gastroenterology | September 01, 2016 23:01

Contents:

  • infection Way
  • Symptoms
  • Treatment
  • Elimination toxicity
  • antiparasitic therapy
  • immunity Recovery

From giardiasis are equally affected by both children and adults.Development of the disease contribute to the simplest bacteria, parasites in the small intestine.

question, as well as than to treat giardia in adults, requires close attention from both the physician and by the patient.

risk of complications in the absence of timely treatment is quite high.

infection Way

According to statistical data of the WHO, every year giardiasis infected about 200 million people in different parts of the globe.The bacteria are giardia their livelihoods in two forms - the vegetative and cystic.In the first case, the agent is movable and is attached to the small intestine mucosa, whereas if it remains immobile cystic.Before you treat giardia in adults, it is necessary to determine the route of infection.

Most pathogenic bacteria from entering the body is through food that has not underg

one heat treatment (fruit, vegetables, berries) are not cleaned properly the water, as well as by household through household items and dirty hands.Once in the gastrointestinal tract, giardia are beginning to multiply and gradually cause irritation of the mucous membranes of the intestine.bacteria fast enough to move from the small intestine into the large, where acquire a fixed form.

Symptoms

disease most often affects young children aged 1-4 years.However, there are cases of giardiasis in adults.In such cases, the disease may be anemic, without pronounced symptoms.Subsequently, it can be discovered by chance, when transferred another infection.Therefore, in order, in time to begin to treat giardiasis in adults, should pay attention to their own well-being.Possible signs of the disease may be:

  • Cramping in the upper abdomen or around the navel;
  • Nausea;
  • Bloating;
  • Constipation, suddenly alternating with diarrhea;
  • stools yellow hue with mucus;
  • general weakness, decreased performance;
  • headaches and dizziness;
  • Insomnia;
  • Decreased appetite.

To understand how to treat giardiasis in adults, should know that the bacteria do not change the intestinal mucosa, and the selection of toxic substances has not been proven, so there is no reason to talk about intoxication.

Treatment

With timely treatment and carrying out selection of effective drugs the symptoms of giardiasis in humans are fast enough.However, before to treat giardiasis in adults, it is necessary to conduct a thorough diagnosis of the organism.The most accessible method to date is scatological study.As an additional measure, it is recommended to also separate study of duodenal contents in the presence of cystic forms of Giardia.

Another popular technique used in diagnosis - serological diagnosis that allows to detect specific antibodies in the patient's blood after 2-4 weeks after infection.Most doctors agree that to start to treat an infectious disease need not to receive antiparasitic drugs.Experts suggest the following scheme how to treat giardiasis in adults, particularly in the chronic form.

Elimination toxicity

Violation of the enzymatic activity of the intestine leads to unpleasant symptoms such as nausea, vomiting and severe abdominal pain.In this case it is necessary to use a technique, including a special diet, aimed at reducing the reproduction lamblia in the body and includes products such as wholegrain cereals, dried fruits, and vegetable oils.In addition, it is necessary to limit the consumption of carbohydrates, especially simple.Than to treat giardiasis in adults at this stage?Typically, experts attributed the reception choleretic funds enterosorbents and antihistamines.This treatment usually lasts 1-2 weeks.

antiparasitic therapy

At this stage, it is time for the application of antibacterial drugs that act on the pathogen.In medical practice, there are several effective medications - is metronidazole, furazolidone and ornidazole.In addition, the course continues receiving enterosorbents and antihistamine drugs.

immunity Recovery

after previous infection organism, even an adult, it is very weak and needs to increase the protective forces.At this stage, the question of how to treat giardiasis in adults is allowed through the use of diet, improves peristalsis.The diet includes foods such as cereals, pureed fruits and vegetables, dairy products.multivitamins also appointed, probiotics and enzyme preparations for the normalization of intestinal microflora.The duration of treatment in this step may take 2-3 weeks.