How and what to treat chronic gastritis

Category Gastroenterology | August 31, 2016 23:01

Contents:

  • Causes Symptoms
  • Medicine for gastritis
  • diet in chronic gastritis

hectic lifestyle often forces us to violate the principles of a balanced diet.In this regard, most people suffering from gastritis.

How and what to treat chronic gastritis, avoiding its recurrence?

Doctors warn: symptomatic treatment is ineffective, it requires a holistic approach.

reasons

Chronic gastritis is a recurrent inflammation of the gastric mucosa.Doctors distinguish between two types of gastritis - primary (independent disease) and secondary, arising against other diseases.However, before to treat chronic gastritis, you should understand what causes provoke relapses.Gastroenterologists distinguish both external and internal factors that contribute to chronic inflammation in the stomach:

  • diet Violation, the constant use of harmful food;
  • too frequent use of hot or cold drinks;
  • Violation chewing function;
  • Alcohol abuse;
  • Smoking;
  • Long-term use of drugs that damage the gastric mucosa;
  • Chronic diseases of the oral cavity;
  • Endocrine disorders (diabetes, thyroid disease);
  • Metabolic disorders;
  • chronic gastrointestinal diseases (pancreatitis, hepatitis, cirrhosis, etc.).

Symptoms

Chronic gastritis occurs in waves: remission phase several times a year replaced exacerbations.Symptomatology of the disease is largely dependent on increased or decreased function of the secretory glands in the stomach.Meanwhile, chronic gastritis both forms of a general range of symptoms:

  • Cramping or aching pain in the epigastric region during or after a meal;
  • Sour belching, vomiting and heartburn after meals (high acidity of the stomach);
  • nausea, constipation or diarrhea, decreased appetite (at low acidity of the stomach);
  • skin pallor;
  • Brittle nails and hair;
  • appearance of Zayed in the corners of the lips;
  • Weight loss;
  • Bleeding gums.

Exacerbation of chronic gastritis usually occurs in the summer.This is due primarily to malnutrition during vacations and trips to other countries.In addition, in the summer of perishable foods quickly, against the background of what may occur exacerbation of chronic gastritis.How to treat chronic gastritis in such cases?The first step - an appeal to the doctor-gastroenterologist.As a rule, experts have resorted to the comprehensive treatment of gastritis, comprising normalizing diet and adherence to a special diet, medication and physical therapy.Also, for a speedy recovery to avoid stressful situations and emotional experiences.

Medicine for gastritis

Meanwhile, one of the main areas is medical therapy in the treatment of chronic gastritis.It is worth noting that all drugs should choose a doctor based on the type of the disease (with low or high acidity).In the treatment of chronic gastritis, the following groups of drugs:

  • medications that reduce gastric secretory function (famotidine and ranitidine, Nexium, omez);
  • antacid, relieves heartburn (Almagel, gevikson, Maalox, and others);
  • Preparations gastroprotective action (de but vikalin, Venter);
  • enzymes to normalize digestion (mezim, pancreatin and Creon);
  • antispasmodics (no-spa, and papaverine);
  • Antibiotics for detecting Helicobacter pylori;
  • Vitamins (iron preparations, folic acid and B12).

diet in chronic gastritis

fundamental factor in the treatment of chronic gastritis is a form of diet therapy.Even receiving the most modern and effective drugs will have no effect if you do not normalize the patient's diet.How to treat chronic gastritis with diet?The diet of the patient is adjusted in accordance with the available acidity of gastric juice and the inflammatory process flow step.Meanwhile, there are general guidelines that should be followed patients with gastritis, with both low and high acidity of the stomach:

  • exception of hot and solid foods;
  • frequent meals in small portions (4-5 times a day);
  • rejection of spices and sauces, raw vegetables and fruits, bakery and dairy products;
  • complete exclusion of food alcohol, fatty meats and fish, pickles and marinades.

The food should be liquid or mushy consistency.Doctors advise patients with chronic gastritis easy to use vegetable or chicken soups, boiled gruel on the water (buckwheat, oatmeal), cooked vegetables, chicken breast and fish.