How to treat umbilical hernia

Category Surgery | August 01, 2016 23:10

Contents:

  • Causes Symptoms
  • methods of treatment
  • Prevention

Umbilical hernia causing the displacement of internal organs outside the abdominal wall.Very often, the disease is detected at birth.

How to treat umbilical hernia surgically?

In adulthood operation - perhaps the only effective method of getting rid of a hernia.

reasons

Umbilical hernia outwardly manifested in the form of bulging belly button, that may disappear or decrease if the patient takes a horizontal position.The disease is divided into two types - congenital and acquired.Doctors emphasize that up to 5 years parents should not burden themselves with the question of how to treat umbilical hernia in a child, because of the high probability of self-extinction of the defect.In infants cause of the formation of hernia, is usually a slow accretion of the umbilical ring.

Subsequently, under the navel of the child forms a hollow space in which a loop of the intestine gets when a child crying.Prolonged constipation - anothe

r common cause of umbilical hernia in children.Acquired pathology is more common in women after 40 years, due to the stretching of the umbilical ring in connection with pregnancy.In unfavorable conditions, this part of the navel is strongly expanding its surrounding tissue atrophy, and for intra-abdominal pressure resistance of the ring decreases.Risk factors in this case are:

  • weak connective tissue of the umbilical ring;
  • Obesity;
  • Scars remaining after abdominal surgery;
  • physical stress;
  • Constipation;
  • Pregnancy;
  • Ascites.

Symptoms

external manifestations of umbilical hernia depends on the size of education, severity of adhesions and associated problems (such as obesity).Small defects often do not cause any concern to patients and greater education, on the other hand, can cause intense diarrheal disorders.The characteristic symptoms of umbilical hernia are:

  • Bulging belly button disappearing when making the lying position of the body;
  • Abdominal pain, worse when coughing or physical stress;
  • Nausea and vomiting;
  • Constipation.

If there are any signs of discomfort, seek medical advice.Some of the symptoms are similar to umbilical hernia symptoms of metastasis of gastric cancer, so do not delay the visit to the specialist.

methods of treatment

doctors do not conduct surgery to remove defects in the congenital disease to the point until the child is 5 years old.How to treat umbilical hernia in this case?To improve the condition of patients using maintenance therapy, which includes massage umbilical ring and exercise therapy.Unlike congenital forms of acquired umbilical hernia in adults does not reverse the flow in this connection, the doctors have to resort to drastic measures to fix it.Since the probability of increasing the defect is high, requires urgent action.How to treat umbilical hernia in adults?Surgery is currently the only effective way to eliminate the formation.The operation was carried out by two techniques:

  • Tension hernia repair.To close the hernia hole using the patient's own tissue.However, due to the tension of tissues may occur eruption seams and re-occurrence of hernia;
  • pull hernioplastics.It involves the use of the mesh implant that is not rejected by the body and does not cause allergic reactions.

considered less invasive method of removing the second umbilical hernia, as the restoration of health to the patient after the successful completion of the operation takes much less time.Meanwhile, none of these surgeries are not performed during pregnancy, cardiac and pulmonary disease, and acute illness or exacerbation of chronic diseases.

Prevention

preventive measures for the prevention of congenital umbilical hernia, unfortunately, no.However, to prevent the development of the defect into adulthood is quite possible.The main thing to adhere to the following guidelines:

  • Compliance balanced diet;
  • Wearing a brace during pregnancy;
  • Keeping abdominal muscles toned by exercise;
  • weight control.