What and how to treat tennis elbow

Category Traumatology | August 11, 2016 23:09

Contents:

  • reasons
  • clinical picture
  • Medication
  • Physiotherapy

people actively involved in sports are more likely to be injured than other categories of citizens.One of these is the syndrome of "tennis elbow" - a chronic disease of the elbow of the arm.

What and how to treat tennis elbow, regularly subjected to excessive stress?

In clinical practice, this disease is called epokondilitom.The disease occurs due to repeated surge of muscles and tendons of the hands or forearms.Meanwhile, this problem affects not only the tennis players, but also those who regularly repeats the same actions hands: for example, the work of a hammer, paint and plaster walls, cutting firewood or golfing.

reasons

Hidden damage muscles and tendons, concentrated in the area of ​​the elbow - the main cause of the syndrome of "tennis elbow."Injuries of bones and joints can also serve as a precondition to the development of this disease.Frequent bending and straightening the elbow contributes to chronic stress o

f tissues, and thus the injury of which a person can not guess for a long time.Approximately half of those who are professionally engaged in tennis, found epokondilit.In general, the syndrome of "tennis elbow" is seen in 1-4% of the population, and men from 30 to 50 years is several times more likely than the female half of humanity.There are two forms epokondilita:

  • Lateral.The pain is localized to the outer surface of the elbow joint;
  • medial.Soreness observed in the inner part of the elbow.

Contact with chemicals, as well as chronic foci of infection in the body (caries, tonsillitis, cholecystitis, etc.) increases the likelihood of developing the disease.This is due, above all, the deterioration of the power of collagen fibers, which form the basis of the tendons.

clinical picture

to the syndrome of "tennis elbow" is characterized by pain on the inside and the outside of the elbow.In some cases, pain may spread to the hand, the back surface of the forearm and fingers.When lifting heavy objects, even with a small weight pain usually increases.The first few days after the onset of the disease, patients reported increased sensitivity and pain in the forearm and wrist.

In the following video - on the mechanism of "tennis elbow" syndrome and its treatment:

Syndrome "tennis elbow" is progressing rapidly, and eventually even the smallest movements become unbearable for humans.In order to understand how to treat tennis elbow, in the first place, it is necessary to confirm the diagnosis.For the diagnosis of not only need to see a doctor, but also pass a number of additional procedures - an MRI, X-ray and ultrasound.This will exclude the presence of other diseases and disorders.

Medication

not promptly started or interrupted at the first sign of improvement of the treatment - the main mistake that people often make with the syndrome of "tennis elbow."To get rid of the disease permanently, it is necessary, first of all, to ensure the patient's elbow complete rest.How to treat tennis elbow effectively?Drug therapy - one of the most effective techniques, making it possible not only to eliminate the symptoms, but also reduce inflammation.In the treatment of tennis elbow, the following drugs:

  • Analgesics ointments and gels (Nurofen, camphor ointment, etc.);
  • injections glucocorticosteroids with anesthetics.

more natural alternative to medication can become multivitamin complexes.How to treat tennis elbow in this case?For more help in the treatment of the disease can have omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids, vitamin C and B.

Physiotherapy Physiotherapy is aimed at the removal of pain and inflammation, as well as the tension in the muscles.After the acute period apply:

  • Paraffin-ozocerite baths;
  • Ultraphonophoresis hydrocortisone;
  • Local cryotherapy;
  • Extracorporeal shock wave therapy.

In the acute phase epokondilita for pain relief and reduce inflammation, doctors prescribe high-intensity pulsed magnetic therapy, infrared laser light and percutaneous device electroanalgesia "Elimane-401."