How and what treat thrombophlebitis

Category Phlebology | August 01, 2016 23:10

Contents:

  • Why there
  • Symptoms of thrombophlebitis
  • Possible complications
  • Conservative therapy

redness and pain at the site of localization of veins may signal the development of thrombophlebitis.Attempts to cope with this problem can cause the most unpredictable consequences.

How and what to treat venous thrombosis?

Typically, this disease occurs as a complication of varicose veins in the legs.In most cases, the inflammatory process begins in the surface veins, and more specifically in the great saphenous vein.When unfavorable course and the absence of timely treatment of inflammation penetrates into the deeper veins.

Why there

One of the favorable conditions for the development of thrombosis, as mentioned earlier - is the varicose veins.In this case, there is stagnation of blood in the veins, which causes weakening and deformation of the vein walls.Against the background of the pathological process in patients with marked elevated venous pressure and venous insufficiency.The fo

rmation of blood clots, which, incidentally, happens more often in the veins of the lower limbs, due to the presence of three components - damage to the vein wall, poor circulation and increased blood clotting.Provoke a mechanism capable of thrombosis following factors:

  • Slowing of blood flow in the vessels;
  • Congenital or acquired high blood clotting;
  • Oncological pathology;
  • Infections and inflammatory diseases;
  • injuries and wounds;
  • Pregnancy;
  • Overweight;
  • Surgery on the veins of the lower extremities;
  • Smoking and alcoholism.

Put the correct diagnosis and explain how to treat thrombosis, can only be a specialist in the field of phlebology.

Symptoms of thrombophlebitis

Most patients note the onset of thrombophlebitis with a little pain in the legs.Soreness amplified during walking and other physical activities, as well as palpation of veins.Upon closer inspection, you will notice a slight reddening of the skin over the inflamed veins.Gradually it is replaced by a bluish tint, and the skin acquires a brown tone.Other symptoms of thrombophlebitis can be:

  • seals along the vessels on the legs;
  • Increased body temperature and skin over the inflamed venous sites;
  • Swelling of the feet;
  • feeling of heaviness in the lower limbs;
  • Mobility limitation legs, especially after a long walk.

most severe thrombophlebitis occurs, affecting the deep veins.In this case, thrombosis can result in very serious complications.

Possible complications

If a blood clot is attached to the vessel wall is not very durable, and its tip floats in the venous lumen, high likelihood of tearing.With bloodstream detached thrombus may enter the heart and cause a blockage of the pulmonary artery, which ultimately can lead to sudden death, or myocardial infarction.Among other complications thrombophlebitis, doctors distinguish:

  • Sepsis;
  • abscess;
  • Phlegmon lower limb tissues.

Conservative therapy

with folk and home remedies should be postponed.To get started, refer to the issue than to treat thrombosis, a doctor, who, after a full examination of veins appoint a competent medical treatment.The use of drugs aimed at preventing the development of complications and the suppression of the further growth of blood clots.Today, conservative treatment involves the use of these medications and means:

  • NSAIDs (ibuprofen, aspirin, diclofenac).Reduce pain and inflammation of the veins;
  • Compression bandages.Improves blood circulation in the lower limbs;
  • direct anticoagulants (fraxiparine, enoxaparin, and others).Reduce the risk of the spread of thrombophlebitis in the deep portions of the veins;
  • Thrombolytics (urokinase, alteplase, etc.).Dissolve already formed blood clots;
  • Heparin troksevazin ketoprofen and ointments / gels.Reduce varices;
  • Systemic enzymes (Wobenzym and Phlogenzym).Has anti-inflammatory and anti-edema effect.Activate the process of digestion of blood clots.

In the case of the spread of the threat of thrombosis in the deep veins of patients prescribed surgery.Complete removal or hardening of the veins is shown in progressive thrombophlebitis.