How and what to treat rheumatism

Category Rheumatology | August 04, 2016 23:12

Contents:

  • How does
  • symptoms of rheumatism
  • Medication

Rheumatism is an infectious and allergic process which affects the connective tissue of the joints, internal organs, muscles and epidermis.Despite the fact that the pathogen is hemolytic streptococcus, the main role is given to allergy.

How and what to treat rheumatism in adults and children?

As strange as it may sound, but it is the representatives of the latter category are faced with this problem often.Doctors associated with the development of rheumatic fever streptococcal infection of the nasopharynx - a sore throat, or pharyngitis.Exposure to the elements and the toxins that the pathogen produces throughout his life, causes the immune inflammation.Genetic predisposition plays an important role here.As a rule, rheumatism sick children and adolescents aged 7 to 16 years.

How does

Rheumatism can be attributed to the number of seasonal diseases, and acute phase for each patient taking place at different times.Someone interval

s between attacks may be several months, and someone a few years.It is also worth noting that if the first exacerbation of rheumatism passed without destruction of the joints, the disease for a long time can and does go unnoticed.Hidden form of pathology is detected only when the patient arises rheumatic heart disease.

But as a rule, rheumatism rarely asymptomatic.Rather, on the contrary, it is one of those diseases that manifest near distinct and specific symptoms.Rheumatic fever starts to develop after about 1-3 weeks after streptococcal infection of the respiratory tract child.The very same infection usually occurs in the Just noticeable and unusual shape, which is why the majority of doctors, observing the patient a small inflammation of the throat and fever, diagnosed with acute respiratory disease.

Meanwhile untreated appropriate infection that has already occurred against the backdrop of a weakened immune system, starts the process of articular rheumatism.As a result, some time after the recovery of a person is faced with an inflammation of the large sections of the articular tissues - shoulder, wrist, knee and other.However, the smaller joints, such as fingers and toes, inflamed rheumatic extremely rare.

symptoms of rheumatism

for this inflammatory disease characterized not only by the variety of symptoms, but also several variants of the infectious and allergic process.The most common manifestations of rheumatic fever include:

  • fever and signs of intoxication (weakness, headaches, fatigue);
  • pain in the joints;
  • Cardiac disorders (pain in the heart, shortness of breath, heart palpitations);
  • manifestations of asthenia (weakness, fatigue and malaise).

Medication

Modern medicine has not only learned to distinguish this disease from other disorders of the joints, but also found a lot of effective ways to treat rheumatism.Therapy consists of three stages:

  • Prolonged hospital treatment (an exacerbation of rheumatism);
  • Rehabilitation resort and spa treatment;
  • Prevention and monitoring your doctor.

possible, with the question, than to treat rheumatism, it is necessary to see a specialist at an early stage of development of the inflammatory process.In its active phase, the patient should comply with bed rest for 1-2 weeks.It is also necessary to ensure a full and varied diet, rich in protein.Of the medicines in the treatment of rheumatism at this stage it is used:

  • Antibiotics penicillin group;
  • NSAIDs (diclofenac, naproxen, and others);
  • Glucocorticoids;
  • immunomodulators;
  • gamma globulin to stimulate immunity.

With strong expression of the affected joint doctor may prescribe medications intra-articular injections.How to treat rheumatism in addition to medicines?Another way to combat the disease - a physiotherapy.It is not only an integral part of the complex therapy, but also serves as the primary means of rehabilitation.In severe joint pain in the active and inactive phase of rheumatism following physiotherapy treatments are applied:

  • Ultraviolet;
  • Electrophoresis drugs;
  • infrared heating;
  • UHF;
  • Applications paraffin.