How to treat iron deficiency anemia

Category Hematology | August 06, 2016 23:08

Contents:

  • Causes Symptoms Treatment

Lack of a substance in the body inevitably leads to health problems.Seriously complicate health can iron deficiency.

Doctors offer several ways to treat iron deficiency anemia in children and adults.

However, the primary task - is to establish the causes of the disease.Reasons

In human blood, known to contain three cell types - a erythrocytes, leukocytes and platelets.Red blood cells or red blood cells include iron-containing pigment hemoglobin, which gives blood red.This same component oxygen is transported from the lungs to body tissues.Due to the decrease of erythrocytes and hemoglobin content in the blood of human anemia.This disease leads to a violation of the respiratory function of the blood and, as a consequence, the development of oxygen starvation of tissues.

Medical observation also shows that due to the reduction in the number of red blood cells dramatically increases the load on the heart.In 90% of cases of anemia associated with i

ron deficiency.Much more rarely, doctors linked the disease with pathological changes in the body, or a lack of vitamin B12 and folic acid.But before we examine the question of how to treat iron-deficiency anemia, you need to understand not only the mechanisms of its development, but also the causes.Doctors are the following factors, the influence of which leads to depletion of iron stores in the human body:

  • Iron deficiency at birth.Premature babies and toddlers whose mothers during pregnancy suffering from anemia are at increased risk;
  • Unbalanced diet and malabsorption in the digestive tract.In diseases of the gastrointestinal tract (chronic enteritis and malabsorption) may also develop anemia;
  • Increased iron requirements.Particularly high demand for this element during adolescence and during the formation of menstruation in girls;
  • Excess iron loss.Observed in the case of blood loss with different localization (polyps, ulcers, worms, heavy menstruation).

In children, iron deficiency anemia can trigger irregular or one-sided (the predominance of dairy products) diet, lack of vitamins, borne infections and acute respiratory disease.

Symptoms

Iron deficiency anemia - diseases with pronounced symptoms.Early in the disease creates significant discomfort, significantly worsening the state of health of the patient.Characteristic signs of anemia associated with iron deficiency are:

  • general weakness;
  • Frequent and prolonged headache;
  • Dizziness;
  • Shortness of breath after exercise;
  • Heart palpitations;
  • Tinnitus;
  • deterioration of appetite;
  • weakness and decreased muscle tone;
  • pallor of the skin and visible mucous membranes in the mouth (oral cavity, conjunctiva century);
  • Violation of the menstrual cycle in women (scarce or abundant selection);
  • Irritability;
  • Insomnia;
  • decreased concentration;
  • Fainting.

Very often patients suffering from iron deficiency anemia, feeling cold, and for a long time can not get warm.This is due to the fact that iron plays a pivotal role in the regulation of body temperature, and its deficiency leads to the inability of the body to keep warm.

Treatment

most dangerous disease for children.However, in this case, the question of how to treat iron-deficiency anemia, it will resolve with timely treatment to the doctor.The problem rather quickly eliminated by taking iron supplements.The most inexpensive of these is ferric sulfate in tablet format.One such tablet contains about 60 mg of iron.The exact dosage of the drug will help you calculate the attending physician.How to treat iron deficiency anemia yet?

prevent illness and accelerate the recovery process will help compliance with a balanced diet.Patients with anemia should be included in your daily diet more foods rich in vitamin C and B - apples, blackcurrants, tomatoes and eggplant, rose hips, cranberries, sea buckthorn, melon, veal, liver and kidneys.In addition to the basic treatment can also be used herbal medicine.Admission herbal in composition of which there is a nettle, leaves of strawberries and rose hips will increase blood clotting, reduce blood loss and improve the process of hematopoiesis, but also improve the absorption of iron from food entering the body.