How and what to treat anemia

Category Hematology | August 05, 2016 23:10

Contents:

  • reasons
  • Types
  • Symptoms
  • Treatment

condition caused by a decrease in hemoglobin concentration is called anemia.Reception of drugs in this case is not the most effective way of treatment.

How and what to treat different types of anemia?

To date, this problem is particularly acute, as the cases of the appearance of anemia significantly increased in recent years.

reasons

Most often decrease in hemoglobin levels occurs on a background of other diseases - rheumatoid arthritis, chronic renal failure, cancer or chronic infections.Anemia can also contribute to other factors:

  • unbalanced diet.Inadequate intake of animal protein and vitamins provokes a decrease in hemoglobin in the blood;
  • Frequent blood loss.Regular blood loss due to bleeding gums, a variety of injuries or hemorrhoids also lead to anemia;
  • regular donation.In this case, the anemia is relative and may be suspended subject to a balanced diet and the suspension of donor activities;
  • Worms.Parasites that live in the
    digestive tract, disrupt absorption of nutrients from food process, including iron, necessary for the formation of hemoglobin;
  • Chronic infections.Tuberculosis, pyelonephritis and other types of chronic diseases significantly reduce the level of hemoglobin in the blood.

presence of comorbidities, which provoke the development of anemia, greatly complicates the process of differential diagnosis.

Types

question, as well as than to treat anemia, requires an individual approach.There are several types of this disease, each of which is caused by the lack of a certain substance that ultimately causes a decrease in hemoglobin level.There are following types of anemia:

  • pernicious.A typical manifestation of deficiency of vitamin B. particularly sensitive to lack of this substance bone marrow and nervous system tissue;
  • Aplastichcheskaya.The cause of the likely impact of X-ray radiation or toxic substances;
  • Iron.The most common type.Iron deficiency anemia is particularly true for women of childbearing age, because of heavy blood loss during menstruation;
  • dosage.Called enzyme abnormalities in red blood cells.This process can be triggered by the action of sulfonamides and even aspirin.

Symptoms

severity of clinical symptoms of anemia depends on the level of decrease in hemoglobin.Each person should be aware of some physiological changes that indicate the development of this disease.In the future, this will allow you to see a doctor in a timely manner with the question of how to treat anemia.

  • nail Worsening condition: fragility, fineness, and a bundle of nail plate;
  • dryness of mucous membranes and skin, the appearance of the corners of the lips painful cracks;
  • slow hair growth or loss;
  • constant slight increase in temperature (up to 37-37,5 degrees);
  • pallor or yellowing of the skin.

Treatment

Do not try to understand the question than to treat anemia.Appointment of medical therapy should be administered only by the attending physician.Self-medication is likely to be ineffective, since each type of anemia has its own characteristics.For example, the treatment of iron deficiency include the administration of drugs containing iron and pernicious - B12.Perhaps intramuscular or intravenous drugs.Drug therapy usually lasts for several months.In the case of the source of bleeding is required of his relief.

The following video offered traditional treatments of anemia:

Dining although not able to completely cure anemia, can be of great help in this matter.In the treatment of anemia, doctors advise patients to pay attention to your diet.It is necessary to correctly choose the products and try to include in the daily diet foods rich in iron and vitamin C. Frequent guests at the table of patients with anemia should be lean meats, buckwheat and millet porridge, rabbit liver, pumpkin, eggplant and zucchini, apricots, corn and pear.